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Coronavirus (COVID-19)


Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has been a global outbreak alert since December 2019. The sudden burst of a novel coronavirus discovered in Wuhan, China spread so rapidly throughout the world that nobody got the time to halt the spread resulting in millions of deaths. Most people recover from deadly diseases without any hospital treatment. According to the surveys, 1 out of every 5 people in the world gets COVID-19 who suddenly becomes very ill and starts having breathing problems. It is also noticed that the elderly and especially those with any kind of underlying medical problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, heart problems, lung problems, etc. are at high risk of getting COVID-19 infection. However, there is no age bar or gender bar for this disease.


What are the signs and symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)?

Fever, dry cough, and tiredness are the most common symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection. The less common symptoms are headache, nasal congestion, conjunctivitis, sore throat, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, loss of taste, loss of smell, loss of appetite, etc. If one gets any of these symptoms, the foremost step is SELF-ISOLATION. This way you will prevent the spread to other members staying with you.


What is the incubation period of Coronavirus (COVID-19)?

The incubation period simply means the time between the exposure and the onset of the symptoms. After the research, it is believed that COVID-19 has an incubation period of 1 to 14 days with a median of 5-6 days. Longer the incubation period, the longer the monitoring and quarantine duration in order to control and prevent the spread.


What is Reproductive Number (RO)?

The reproductive number generally refers to the spreading/transmitting capacity of a virus that how many individuals would be affected by each infected person. For example, if RO is less than 1, there is a very low potential for community transmission.


What are the treatments so far?

Up to date, there is no specific treatment regimens available or approved for the management of the COVI-19 pandemic. There are trials ongoing but none has shown the success of 100%.


Dealing with Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Many countries have deployed robots as frontlines to reduce exposure. The main front-liners: doctors, nurses, health care workers, police personals, armed forces, etc. have been continuously working dressed in special protective gear including goggles, face shields, face masks, gloves, and using sanitizers. All the public places such as airports, bus stations, train stations, ports, hospitals, government buildings, offices, hotels, universities, schools, etc. are being regularly disinfected and sanitized.


Trauma to Tourism due to Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Tourism is one of the highly affected industries world-wide. The continuous lockdowns, border closures, and flight cancellations have put a question mark on the existence of the Tourism sector. Most of the businesses related to Tourism are in the state of shutdown. Tourism-dependent countries are in a devastating financial crisis. Borders have been closed till further notice. Except in emergency conditions, flights are completely stopped. Hotels, lodges, restaurants, taxis, buses, etc. are all vacant as a zombie land. Coronavirus (COVID-19) has turned the entire world upside down. Due to this, unemployment in every country has soared. Many have lost their jobs and are seeking opportunities in other sectors that are not dependent on tourism. The restrictions have brought down the nation's economy.


Trauma to other sectors due to Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Schools, colleges, universities, offices: private or public, factories, etc. have been lockdown to an unpredicted time. No one knows when this Coronavirus (COVID-19) will come to an end. So, people have started learning up the ways to live with it.

Online classes and examinations for the education sector, online meetings, and sessions for the office workers, workers wearing protective gear, masks, gloves, face shields, etc. in factories and staying 3 feet apart, etc. Such measures have been implemented and the world is trying to adjust amidst the outbreak and existence of COVID-19.

Hence, cleanliness and self-protection are ways to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Much is still unknown as to how the world will recover from the undesirable effects of COVID-19. But the desire and ability of people to fight against this pandemic will surely bring the future in a peaceful environment where everyone can fly with wings and once again explore the world without any restrictions and fear.  

Author: Step on Himalaya

Date: 12th June, 2020